Trees and Shrubs: Suggested Native Species for Pollinators


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There are many trees species that are as important to pollinating insects, birds, and animals as annual, perennial, and vegetable plants. Not only do these trees provide pollen or nectar they are also sources of habitats for roosting, nesting, and protection.

Select native plant species whenever possible to support native pollinators. Select species that will flower at different times throughout the season, giving pollinators a continuous food source. Some suggestions have flowers that are not showy to humans but are loved by pollinators.


Common name/
Botanical name                 
Height Flowering Time Flower Color Sun/Shade
American Mountain Ash/
Sorbus Americana
to 30' June-July White Sun/part shade
American Witchhazel/
Hamamelis virginiana
12-15' Sept.-Nov. Yellow Sun/Shade
Nyssa sylvatica
60-80' May-June Yellowish green Sun/part shade
Prunus virginiana
16' May-June White Sun/part shade
Malus sp.
12-40' April-May Pink/white Sun
Eastern Redbud/
Cercis canadensis
20-30' May-June Magenta Sun/part shade
Flowering Dogwood/
Cornus florida
30' mid-May Yellowish green Sun/part shade
Acer sp.
to 75' April Yellowish green Sun
Roundleaf Dogwood/
Cornus rugosa
12' June White Sun/part shade
Amelanchier sp.
6-20' late March White Sun
Staghorn Sumac/
Rhus typhina
15-25' June Greenish yellow Sun/part shade
Tulip Tree/
Liriodendron tulipifera
70-90' late-May to mid-June Yellow green Sun


Common name/
Botanical name
Height Flowering Time Flower Color Sun/Shade
American pussy willow/
Salix discolor
to 20' March-April Yellow/green Sun/shade
Arrowwood viburnum/
Viburnum dentatum
5-9' May to early-June Creamy white Sun/part shade
Black Chokeberry/
Photinia melanocarpa
4-6' May-June White Sun/part shade
Bush Honeysuckle/
Diervilla lonicera
1/2-3' June-July Yellow Sun/shade
Cephalanthus Occidentalis
3-6' June, July, August Creamy white Sun/part shade
Ilex mucronata
6-8' June-July Inconspicuous/ white Sun/part shade
Dasiphora fruticose
3-4' May-June Yellow Sun/part shade
Common ninebark/
Physocarpus opulifolius
6-10' May-June Whitish pink Sun/part shade
Common snowberry/
Symphoricarpos albus
3-4' June-July Pink Sun/part shade
Eastern Teaberry/
Gaultheria procumbens
4-8' May-June Pink Sun/part shade
Highbush blueberry/
Vaccinium corymbosum
7-9' June-July White Sun/part shade
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi    
2-6' May-June Purple-blue Sun/part shade
Chamaedaphne calyculata
1-3' May-July White Sun/part shade
Mapleleaf viburnum/
Viburnum acerfolium
4-5' May-June White Sun/part shade
New Jersey Tea/
Ceanothus americanus
1-3' June-August White Sun/part shade
Pinxterbloom azalea/
Rhododendron periclymenoides
4-6' late May Pale pink Sun/part shade
Rhododendron canadense
3-4' June-July Rose pink Sun/part shade
Amelanchier canadensis
6-20' late March White Sun
Swamp azalea/
Rhododendron viscosum
5' June White to pale pink Part shade
Sweet pepperbush/
Clethra alnifolia
5-8' July & August White Sun/part shade
Trailing Arbutus/
Epigaea repens
1-3' May-July White to pink Sun/part shade
Virginia rose/
Rosa virginiana
4-6' June-July Rose pink Sun
White mountainsweet/
Spirea alba
3-6' June-Sept. White to pink Sun
Ilex verticillata
6-10' June-July White Sun/shade

Despite good cultural practices, pests and diseases at times may appear. Chemical control should be used only after all other methods have failed.
For pesticide information or other questions please call toll free: 877-486-6271. 

UConn Home and Garden Education Center, 2017